選舉主任權力

我試下解釋選舉主任既決定有乜問題。呢幾日同人傾多左諗多左,其實自己對呢幾條法例既理解都有D變化。歡迎討論。

 

先睇code

選舉主任權力係睇呢一條︰

第541D章 《選舉管理委員會(選舉程序)(立法會)規例》 第16條 選舉主任須決定候選人是否獲有效提名

(Link全部係英文,想睇中文就入去再click返”中文版”)

佢第二節係咁既︰

(2) If section 10 or 11 (as may be applicable) and sections 37, 39 and 40 of the Legislative Council Ordinance (Cap 542) are complied with, the candidate stands validly nominated unless-

(a) the Returning Officer decides that the nomination form is invalid; or
(b) the candidate withdraws his or her candidature.

睇唔明唔緊要,我翻譯︰

if (Cap542.s10() && Cap542.s11() && 
    Cap542.s37() && Cap542.s39() && Cap542.s40()) {
    nomination = valid;
}

if ((ReturningOfficer.decide(nomination_form) == invalid) || 
    (candidate withdraw)){
    nomination = invalid;
}

第三節其實仲有六個condition可以invalidate個提名,不過唔關今次事。

今次緊要既係呢一句︰

ReturningOfficer.decide(nomination_form) == invalid

如果你係 nomination_form 度 “Goes to definition” (提示︰F12 in VS, Ctrl + Shift + G in Eclipse),你會去左同一條規例既 section 2 Interpretation。Interpretation 就係大家都好熟悉既 variable declaration / initialisation。佢仲要用 semi-colon,真係親切。

nomination form (提名表格) means a form referred to in section 10(1) or 11(1) (as applicable);

咁我地又係 section 10(1) or 11(1) 度 “Goes to definition” 啦。原來 s11 係講功能界別,我地睇 s10(1)

(1) A person is to be nominated as a candidate for a geographical constituency or a candidate for the District Council (second) functional constituency (as applicable) by submitting to the Returning Officer a nomination form containing a nomination list which complies with section 38 of the Legislative Council Ordinance (Cap 542) and this section. (L.N. 73 of 2011)

翻譯︰

if (Cap542.s38() && this.section)
    nomination_form = valid;

this.section 係講緊 s10本身,佢有 (2) 至 (11) 咁多個條件。

咦,第4個條件有D熟口面︰

(4) Each candidate on a nomination list must make the declarations and promissory oath required by section 40(1)(b) of the Legislative Council Ordinance (Cap 542) in the appropriate place on the nomination form.

Cap 542, s40(1)(b)(i) !係你啦!選舉主任話梁天琦唔 comply 果個條件呀!

「等等,咁講法,選舉主任係有權力話佢唔 comply 架噃…」

傻豬黎既,梗係似是而非先呃到人。我地又再Goes to definition。Cap 542, s40(1)(b)(i)

(1) A person is not validly nominated as a candidate for an election for a constituency unless-

(b) the nomination form includes or is accompanied by

(i) a declaration to the effect that the person will uphold the Basic Law and pledge allegiance to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region; and

佢都分晒層啦,唔翻譯啦…

 

問題?

1. 法例只要求”有”聲明

英文︰includes or is accompanied by,中文︰載有或附有。

如果沒有聲明,則選舉主任可決定 nomination_form = invalid。咁睇返我一開始第一段翻譯 (第541D章,第16條,第二節),自自然然 nomination = invalid;

2. 虛假聲明

「咁你亂up聲明都得架啦!」

虛假聲明法例係有 catch exception。第541D章 第103條 作出虛假聲明的罪行。仲寫到明係為左s39, s40而設。可以話 s103 就係 s39, s40 既 try catch block。

如果一個人被裁定作虛假聲明,按 Cap 542, s39 (1)(e)(iv),佢係五年內都冇得選

重點1︰被裁定。係法庭定罪,唔係選舉主任覺得。

重點2︰佢會令人喪失提名資格,唔會令張提名表格無效。我知呢兩個 boolean 個名有少少似… 但如果你正正經經跟住D code黎行係唔會炒架。

3. Tricky 位

Tricky在於,選舉主任唔係話佢作虛假聲明,而係話︰

我信納梁天琦無意擁護基本法,故法律上其實他沒有作出一項符合 Cap 542, s40(1)(b)(i) 的聲明。(見︰不獲確認之理由,paragraph 18-19。)

唔係話你假聲明,係話︰我當你「沒有」聲明。

犀利…

4.信納

「佢話佢信納wor?咁得唔得架。」

我開始好眼訓… 我舉個例。Cap 541D, s16(3)(f)

(3) Without prejudice to sections 37, 39 and 40 of the Legislative Council Ordinance (Cap 542), the Returning Officer may decide that a nomination is invalid if and only if-


(e) the candidate has not lodged the appropriate deposit; or
(f) the Returning Officer is satisfied that the candidate is dead.

if ((candidate 冇交按金) ||
    (ReturningOfficer.satisfied(candidate is dead)))
    ReturningOfficer.decide(nomination,invalid)

如果寫到明 the RO is satisfied,就睇選舉主任信納D乜啦。

如果好似(e) deposit 咁,佢有冇交deposit係個fact,一係有比,一係冇比。選舉主任可以話︰「因為條友冇交按金,所以我決定佢既提名無效。」

如果好似(f)咁,選舉主任可以話︰「因為條友又唔現身呀,call佢又唔應呀,仲有咁咁咁咁咁,所以我信納候選人已去世,故此我決定佢既提名無效。」

今次一路講緊既 Cap 542, s40(1)(b)(i) ,係有冇聲明,你信納佢誠唔誠心係冇關係架,個 program 冇 call 你呀!

 

咁而家點?

我都唔知呀… 我又唔想講句”和平之路已盡..完”.. 咁樣…

我教大家一個拉丁文啦。

當呢個 process (政府),唔跟D program code (法律)亂咁行,就叫做 Ultra Vires,是謂越權。

 

 

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